Ganjnama by Bhai Nand Lal praising Guru Gobind Singh

Guru Gobind Singh is victorious and assists us to succeed in life;
he is accepted by God as His own.
Guru Gobind Singh is the custodian of God’s treasure; he is the
bestower of all the gifts.
Guru Gobind Singh knows the ways of God; he is the emperor of
Guru Gobind Singh rules over both the worlds; he is the destroyer of
the enemies.
Guru Gobind Singh illuminates our lives with abundance; he reveals
secrets of God.
Guru Gobind Singh is aware of the secrets of the world; he showers
his unlimited mercies.
Guru Gobind Singh is the favourite of Waheguru; he is with Him all
the time
Guru Gobind Singh bestows life in this world; he is the sea of
Waheguru’s blessings
Guru Gobind Singh is loved by God; he is the seeker as well as the
Guru Gobind Singh achieved victories with his sword; he knows the
secret of every heart.
Guru Gobind Singh wears the crown of the world; he lives in the
shadow of Waheguru.
Guru Gobind Singh controls all the treasures of the world; he is the
medicine of all ailments.
Guru Gobind Singh is the master of the world; both the worlds are
under his shelter.
Guru Gobind Singh is praised by God Himself; he is bestowed with
highest qualities.
Great men are at the feet of Guru Gobind Singh; the angels visit him
for audience.
The fortunate ones admire Guru Gobind Singh; he knows every thing in
our hearts.
The poor kiss the feet of Guru Gobind Singh; the drum of his
authority sounds in both the worlds.
Guru Gobind Singh rules over the three worlds; he has the stamp of
his authority on the four VedasThe six shastras are his slaves; he always defeats the enemy.
Pure at heart, Guru Gobind Singh is free from ill will; he is the
mirror through whom God reveals Himself.
*Guru Gobind Singh meditates on God; he is a mystic and a king at the
same time.
Guru Gobind Singh is virtue personified; his gifts to mankind are
Guru Gobind Singh is most generous and forgiver.
Guru Gobind Singh blesses even the benevolent; he bestows gifts even
to those who give.
Guru Gobind Singh is eternal; he is auspicious for all.
Guru Gobind Singh is essence of God’s blessings; God Himself
radiates through him.
Those who have listened to the name of Guru Gobind Singh have
received the gift of seeing God Himself.
Those who sang the praises of Guru Gobind Singh were united with
Those who wrote in praise of Guru Gobind Singh received fame the
world over with his grace.
Those who had seen the face of Guru Gobind Singh moved in his lanes
intoxicated with God’s Name.
Those who kissed the dust under the feet of Guru Gobind Singh were
fortunate and were elevated in life.
Guru Gobind Singh is the doer of all that is happening in this
world, he is friend of the poor.
Guru Gobind Singh worships (God); he is also worshipped (by the
whole creation).He is generous with all the bounties he gives.
Guru Gobind Singh is the chief of all the kings; he occupies the
loftiest position.
The ten (Greek) gods are under the command of Guru Gobind Singh and
they sing his praises in reverence.
The sacred goddesses of the world are also working for Guru Gobind
Singh and they are his servants.
Guru Gobind Singh controls our destinies; still he meditates on God
in submission.
The nine gods are like dust of (the feet of) Guru Gobind Singh; they
serve him well.
Guru Gobind Singh is above the highest thrones; he moves in the
Guru Gobind Singh is supreme in all virtues; he is eternal and above
everyone else.
Guru Gobind Singh gives light to the world; our hearts and souls
blossom because of him.
Guru Gobind Singh’s stature is increasing every day; he is the
beauty of all thrones.
Guru Gobind Singh is our guide in both the worlds; he is the sight
of every eye.
Guru Gobind Singh commands the whole creation; he is supreme in
Both the worlds are the army of Guru Gobind Singh; all are under his
The most generous Guru Gobind Singh is the conqueror of every
Guru Gobind Singh’s blessings are unending; he is virtue
Guru Gobind Singh is the soul of every one; he is the light of every
Guru Gobind Singh provides sustenance to all; he showers His graces.
The twenty-seven gods are the beggars of Guru Gobind Singh; they are
engaged in sweeping his house.
The five elements praise Guru Gobind Singh; the seven worlds admire
Guru Gobind Singh has his hand on both the worlds; all the angels
are inferior to him.
Nand LaL is the slave dog of Guru Gobind Singh; he carries the stamp
of Guru Gobind Singh on him.
Nand Lal is lower than all the dogs of Guru Gobind Singh; he (pecks)
at the left overs of his dinner table.
Nand Lal is begging to get the gift of holy dust of Guru Gobind
Singh’s feet.
His (Nand Lal’s) life may be sacrificed for Guru Gobind Singh and

Nand Lal’s head may always remain at his feet.

Where did the Akali Nihang Singh Turban come from ? Sarup Singh Kaushish 1790 AD writes –

Guru kia Sakhian, is book written by Sarup Singh Kaushish who was a Bhatt Sikh. The Bhatt Sikhs were highly educated Court Officials of the Guru from the Fifth Guru. Their bani is in the Guru Granth Sahib ji Maharaj, in the form of the Svaiye, or ‘Panegyrics of the Bhatt’, or Bhattan de Svaiye. The original text was written in Bhattakhri, and was converted into Gurmukhi in 1868 AD. It is based on the Bhatt Vahi’s or actual notes recorded at the time of historical events by the Bhatt Sikh Court officials of the Guru.
Sakhi 75. Sarup Singh ji records that there were a number of skirmishes between the Khalsa and Raja Ajmer Chand, who would taunt the Sikhs. On 2nd December 1703 AD, he attacked Anandpur Sahib. Pitched battles took place. Guru ji commanded the bearer of the Khalsa Standard – Mann Singh ji – to go forwards, he struck the Khalsa Battle Standard into the ground. He fought valiantly. The Khalsa Battle Standard was hit and fell to the ground. This news was conveyed to Guru Gobind Singh ji Maharaj at Takht Sri Keshgarh Sahib. Guru ji undid his own turban, took out a section of his under-turban called keski, and raised it on top of his dastar as the Nishan Sahib. He said ‘ The Khalsa Nishan Sahib will never fall again’. Thereafter, blue Farlas were made by Bhai Uday Singh, Himmat Singh, Sahib Singh, Mohkam Singh and Alam Singh.
Sahibzada Baba Fateh Singh ji was six years old at the time, he looked in owe at his father’s Farla. Guru ji smiled and said ‘My son, this Farla will be eternally on this earth. It is the physical form and dress of Maha-Akal [The Great Timeless One], it should be respected the same as the Nishan Sahib.’
Mahakal ka sarab roop. Shah Gobind Mahima Anoop!
Khalsa mero roop hai khaas. See the Farla or Pharara on the Dumalla of Jathedar Swaranjit Singh Nihang Singh

Who is an Akali and a Nihang Singh? Sudharam Marag Granth, 1791 AD, likely to be from the early 18th century.

Daya Singh asks the ‘True Guru who is an Akali, please answer the question in my mind. Please be kind and answer so that my mind is clear’
Guru Gobind Singh answers ‘An Akali is one who wears blue clothes, who repeats Gurbar Akal and wears Sarbloh.1. Who wears a rosary (mala) of Sarbloh, Chakkar, and Sword. Who does not pierce their ears or nose, which is the order of the Satiguru.2. Who keeps five weapons on the body, and keeps a Kirpan in a Gatra. Who does not eat without blessing his food with his sword, and saying Sat Sri Akal!3. Who keeps away from pleasure with another man’s wife and sleeping with the Turaks. He renounces this and keeps his mind on the Guru only.4. Who eats only out of Sarbloh vessels and abandons other tastes. Who eats by burning fire-wood and in a pure place, and keeps the maryada of blue clothes.5. Wearing a white kacchera, and a Blue Bana, keeps the unbroken meditation of God in the mouth. Who learns Sri Akal Ustati and Chandi di Var by heart.7. Whose every hair repeats [Vahiguru] and while acting but mentally abandons actions. Who loves the Guru Granth Sahib and runs away from the 5 evils [kam, krodh, lobh, moh, hankar]. Who punishes those who speak evil against the Guru, and does not interact with the Turaks. Who does not worship at the Mandairs of the Indian deities, but worships the Panth.9. Who keeps kesh but does not dye them, who renounces lust and anger. Who wages war at the vanguard, knowing God is the protector.10. Wearing a kachhera of half a gaz, of white cloth. At all moments doing naam jaap, cutting the noose of death.11. Who does this in every action, birth, death, marriage and takes Amrit. These are the actions of a Singh who is known as an Akali. Here ends Sudharam Marag Granth and the ways of the Akali, the eternal teaching of Dharam imparted via the Naam, the 13th chapter.’
‘Known one who ties a high turban as a Nihang. His ways are also like the Akali, listen to me Oh Sikhs.1. A Nihang means one who is free from Ahankar and fully in the Dharam. Who wears weapons on the body, and a Chakkar on the head.2. Who keeps a naked sword in hand at all times. Who is fearless and does not care about birth and death.3. Who keeps sword in hand and ties a high turban. Which is the Kalgi of the Panth, who is blessed by the Guru.4. Who eats from Sarbloh vessels and in a pure cooking spot. Who wears blue clothes, who eats by blessing it with Sarbloh.5. Who carries the Nishan and Nagara and repeats the name of the Guru. Who at all times is in Dharam and remembers the sanctuary of the Guru.6. Who delights in the Shabad and forever bows to Akal Purakh. When the Guru is merciful such a Nihang is blessed with enlightenment.7. Who eats the Parshad from a Sarbloh Batta, to renounce his greed. Who accepts if less or more is given [by the Guru].8. Making karah Parshad should be bibek (shud). Vahiguru mantar should be repeated, doing Kirtan happyness is found.9. A Sikh should not lower his head to a Turak or Persian. Bowing to their feet you will incur more birth and death.10. If there is a Divan and you do not go to it, or to make Parshad without rahit. Who dishes this out will taste the pain of death. When coming in the Sangat of mothers, sisters, and daughters in the Sat Sangat. Who looks at them in a bad way will go to the deepest hell.11. A Sikh should remain with an open heart, not stone hearted. To take from daughters, a Sikh will suffer hell. 12. Taking this wealth one will suffer the mace of death. If a Sikh moves around without his weapons he does not practice his Dharam.13. Who looks at the Turaks and bows down, or to a place of the Devas. To tombs will loose this chance in life. 14. Give food to those Sikhs who need it. If you feed the shaven headed ones you will be cursed. 15. Worth millions of bathing at the Ganges, is to bath once at Amritsar. This is the water of peace, that gives happiness, but remember the Guru’s mantra in bathing. 16. Do not praise the wordly Kings, you will suffer the mace of death. Meet those and relate to those who do not play games.17. By even looking at those who like to make others suffer, you will also suffer. Meet the Sadhus with great love from your heart.18. Do not go to the Divans of the Turaks or Chiefs. Do not surrender to lust. Treat the Mazhbi Sikhs as equals as they are blessed by the Guru who are your brothers in Dharam. Those who are loyal to the Guru are blessed here and herefafter. 20. Do not wash the feet of a Sikh who orders you to do so. You will suffer the torment of death. When wearing new clothes, bless them first at the feet of the Guru. By placing them at the feet of Guru Granth Sahib, the giver of happiness.23. Repeat Akal, you will be liberated, it is the true name. Meditate on the lotus feet and presence of the true Guru, and your suffering will decrease.24. Making an abode of Guru Granth Sahib ji. You will be rewarded with heavens. Gossips destroys your destiny and creates suffering. Do not speak such words about others, you will suffer in the hereafter.26. Do not eat the meat of the Turaks.  Do not sing anything other that the words approved by the Guru. Do not listen to the songs and entertainment of prostitutes. If you fall to lust, you must pray for forgiveness. Discriminate like a sharp sword, do not burn by being caught between renunciation and gristi in your mind. Only go to the bed to make love if it is within the Dharam [married].27. Give away wealth to charity. Listen to katha and kirtan and you will be liberated.30. If you sleep with another man’s wife you are a Maha Patit. Who will recieve punishment and beatings, and hell. 31. If you speak bad words about a good Sikh and Sadhu. Take the wealth of another, you will suffer hell.32. If someone slanders the Guru, show them how to discriminate with the sword. Do not go near such power hungry people, and keep in the sangat of the Guru.33. Do not blow on fire. Do not put fire out with water you have drunk. 34. Without remembering Vahiguru do not eat. In bad company you will never find mental peace.  Celebrate Vaisakhi and Deep Mala. Hola Mohalla should be at Anandpur, where you will find enlightenment.36. Go to Abachal Nagar (Hazur Sahib). If you worship at other places than the Gurudwara you will suffer. 37. Work hard for the Guru, give you mind, body and wealth. In the company of the Guru Singh Sangat you will find liberation. 38. Serve the Panth and clasp its feet and you will find happiness.39. Wake up early and bow to the Guru. Take the darshan of Guru Granth Sahib that eradicates all suffering and disease.40.  Do not praise wordly rulers, it causes suffering. Protect the Sadhus and you will not be decieved ever. 41. Doing a bad deed is like being struck by the blow of death. Use logic to determine what is Dharam or not and you will find the heavens. 42. Look at all people as the same. Love and give equal respect to all. 43. Do not sleep with another’s wife or prostitutes. Do not ask for blessings from anyone other than the Guru.44. Do not sleep naked, do not meditate naked, wash after sex. Do not eat without your head covered, it causes pain.45. Do not associate with the Turaks, this is the seed of Turaks. This is like the poision a step mother gives to her step child. 46. The Khalsa gives up gossip and fights at the forefront. It is a good charitable deed to kill the invading Turaks. Keeping five weapons to fight, is a great action. Do not loose your respect, so give up gossip. 48. Read Gurbani in your mind, keep weapons at hand. Run into the battle and do not turn your back. 49. Look after the poor kill the Turak enemies. Do Nam recitation of the Guru, sacrifice your life. 50. Link your mind to the Guru’s shabad that breaks all bonds. Ride on a horse, kill the Turaks, keep weapons on your person.51. Be in Dharam cultivate it, and become a ruler over men. Die in battle this is order of Akal. 52. Then the Turaks and Princes will be in fear, and in all directions will be the sound of Akal. Do not slander anybody, keep Dharam and be protected.53. The Khalsa is manifest that is the four castes in one. Vahiguru Akal should be repeated continously which is most high. 54. I will make the Khalsa Raj with the horse and eagle as its symbol. The Turaks will run when the Singhs come on Elephants.55. On each dooor the drums with resound and the flags will held in each hand. Those that come into the Dharam will taken in shelter, those that do not will perish. 56. The Singhs will stay in the Dharam and united with the Guru. Raj without Dharam is lost. 57. Serve the Saints and read bani and meditate. The Sikhs should worship the Guru Granth Sahib, else they shall loose.58. My Sikhs should stay in this rahit and their desires will be fulfilled. Between them and myself there is no differnce. 59. A Sikh should not shave his son or daughters head. He should spread this message to his brothers. 60. Do not believe in caste, believe in a person’s actions. Depending on our actions we get either heaven or hell. 61. A wise Singh should not meet the Persians, and believers in non-violence. Who meets with the Turaks, know them to be impure. 62. Never take an oath on Guru Granth Sahib, the Guru, or Amritsar, who does goes to a horrible hell. 63. Do patth at amritvela after bathing, and do nitnem. Then in this world and the next the Guru is with you. 64. Now auspiciously ends Sri Sudharam Marag Granth, the teaching to Nihangs, the fourteenth chapter. 
I have roughly translated this, is it not word for word. Bhul chukka di maffi. Das, Kamalroop Singh Nihang.

ਅਸ ਕ੍ਰਿਪਾਨ ਖੰਡੋ ਖੜਗ ਤੁਪਕ ਤਬਰ ਅਰੁ ਤੀਰ ॥ 
ਸੈਫ ਸਰੋਹੀ ਸੈਹਥੀ ਯਹੈ ਹਮਾਰੈ ਪੀਰ ॥੩॥

As, Kripan (sword), Khanda, Khadag (sword), Tupak (gun), Tabar (hatched), Teer (arrow), Saif (sword), Sarohi and Saihathi, all these are our adorable seniors.3.

Sri Dasam Guru Ka Granth Sahib ( Sri Dasam Granth sahib Ji)

The Brahmins view of Guru Granth Sahib

One day the Sikhs came to Guru Gobind Singh and did a plea, ‘Oh Merciful Treasure, the Brahmins are saying that the bani of Sri Guru Granth Sahib is for low castes. The Guru gave the order from Adi Guru Granth Sahib that ‘

ouaa thae ootham gano cha(n)ddaalaa ||
Even an untouchable pariah is superior to him,
naanak jih man basehi gupaalaa ||16||
O Nanak, if the Lord of the World abides in his mind. ||16||

‘Oh my Sikhs in this age of Kalyug the Brahmins are even more impure than the untouchables, they use tobacco and alcohol, and there their minds do not function properly, the shave their heads, and they leave their own Dharam and follow the ways of the Turks, they might look like Hindus, but they do not follow the ways of the Hindus. Oh my beloved Sikhs the Brahmins are liars and hypocritical, the Khalsa is the Nehkalank Avtar, who never turns his back on the order of the Parmesvar. The Brahmins and Kshatriyas have turned their back on Parmesvar, who has ordered that man should keep his natural form intact, and not to shave the head and face. To donate offerings to a shaven one who takes the above drugs is not Dharam. If you need to associate with these people make them pure by giving them amrit. Keep faith in the Guru, what you give the Guru, you will recieve double, believe this to be true. If you give offerings to people who are not in Dharam and have bad habits your offering is wasted, and you may incur further rebirth to find sustenance. ‘The Sikhs then asked the Guru they light a lantern for their spirit, should we do this. The Guru replied ‘ at night time light a lantern next to Guru Granth Sahib ji’, or whether people need to find their place on a dark track, do the good deed of ligthing a lantern. This is a virtuous deed and you will get some profit from it. To shave your head at some-ones death leads to rebirth. That Sikh who keep my traditional ways, know him to be an embodiment of myself. ‘ That Sikh who keep the discipline is mine, he is my master I am his slave’. What should we do if a Sikh dies on his bed, asked the Sikhs? The Guru replied ‘read Japji five times and do the cremation, and this will help them to reach emancipation’.

The Gajgah of Guru Gobind Singh ji

Dear friends, the Gajgah you are seeing is the frontal head piece made from Steel, worn by Guru Gobind Singh ji during battle. It represents the Shakti of Akal Purakh (God). It is preserved and revered at Sachkhand Hazur Sahib. It was photographed by Dr Mohinder Singh, please see his book

Why did Tenth Guru make the Khalsa according to Sahib Bhai Rattan Singh Bhangu

Rattan Singh Bhangu explains to the English enquirer Murray why the Guru decided to transform the Panth in this manner.
Murray then asked me to explain in detail why the Guru had created a [new] Panth. ‘The Muslims ruled an immense empire,’ he said, ‘and their writ ran through its twenty-two provinces. It included islands in the oceans, and extended through the mountains of the south and the east. Everyone was under their control. How could this community of Singhs continue to grow? How could the subjects [of such an empire] raise a rebellion and where was its army? How could the rulers remain unaware of the activities of the Sikhs? Surely they would regard the Guru and his followers with the greatest of hostility? Had they become friendly towards them? Why did they not recognise the Sikhs as a third panth [distinct from both Hindus and Muslims]? Did they have no counselors wise enough to recognise their significance? Had the panth not claimed sovereignty? How could it possibly remain concealed from the authorities?’
Fellow Sikhs, I answered him as follows. ‘From its very birth the [new] Panth was unconcealed. From the very beginning its members were as sharp as thorns. When was the Sikh Panth ever concealed? The Sikhs could never hide themselves! It was a Panth created to fight, its members bearing arms from birth. Its Sikhs are given the baptism of the sword, and the gurhati which they receive is likewise administered with the sword. In their turbans they carry steel quoits and daggers. How can they who sport lions’ claws ever remain concealed? The Supreme Guru created the Panth in order that it should fight! Sovereignty cannot be won without struggle.

Translated by W. H. Mcleod.

Guru Gobind Singh’s Charaina

Guru Gobind Singh’s Charaina armour plate, that has his own Dasam bani and Adi Guru Granth Sahib bani inscribed on it. Here we see the Sri Akal Ustati Sahib. This plate was dented in the battle with Hari Chand, where the Guru spoke ‘Jabe ban lagioy tabe ros jagio’. The Maharaja of Patiala has this Holy Charaina in his care. Har Maidan Fateh !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

I am very pleased to announce the launch of a website on Sarbloh Granth Sahib:

It will include a full Gurmukhi text of the scripture, transliteration, and perhaps one day a translation. It will also have photographs of old manuscripts, katha, important books, and the history and the meaning of this rare Granth Sahib.